Reporting nouns are nouns such as comment, criticism, remark, statementwe can represent indirect speech with reporting nouns as well as with reporting verbs these are more common in writing than speaking, and are usually quite formal. Indirect speech reported or indirect speech is usually used to talk about the past, so we normally change the tense of the words spoken we use reporting verbs like 'say', 'tell', 'ask', and we may use the word 'that' to introduce the reported words.
Test your understanding of indirect speech with this grammar exercise although the reporting verb is in the past tense, a present tense is possible in the reported speech if the original speaker and the reporter are in the same situation. Noun clauses/reported speech (indirect speech) tense harmony or sequencing (except for a few exceptions, the following changes are made when reporting quoted speech.
Course 3 of 4 in the specialization learn english: advanced grammar and punctuation this is the third course in the learn english: advanced grammar and punctuation specialty in this class, you will learn about the advanced grammar concepts of noun clauses and conditionals you will learn about. Reported speech: she said (that) the sky is/was blue click here for a mixed tense exercise about practise reported statements click here for a list of all the reported speech exercises. Note: if the reporting verb (the main verb of the sentences, eg, said, is in the past, the verb in the noun clause will usually be in a past form if the reporting verb is simple present, present perfect, or future, the noun clause verb is not changed. Reported speech: reporting nouns - english grammar today - a reference to written and spoken english grammar and usage - cambridge dictionary.
Reported speech exercises pdf printable exercises with answer keys to download for free reported questions + commands pdf exercises to practise questions, commands and requests in the reported speech mixed test on reported speech pdf tests with answers to download for free pdf grammar rules: reported speech pdf rules printable rules with examples to download for free. Direct and indirect speech can be a source of confusion for english learners let's first define the terms, then look at how to talk about what someone said, and how to convert speech from direct to indirect or vice-versa.
Practise reported speech - clear explanations and lots of exercises. Present tenses in the direct speech change into their corresponding past tenses in the indirect speech. The indirect object is the noun or pronoun that receives the direct object typically, an indirect object precedes the direct object and can be found by asking who or what received the direct object.
The difference between direct and indirect speech (also called reported speech) is pretty easy to understand but it’s not very easy to apply when speaking in a foreign language it is a very important part of communicating, however, and plays an major role in most conversations. The indirect object is the noun or pronoun that receives the direct object typically, an indirect object precedes the direct object and can be found by asking who or what received the direct object [in the following examples, the indirect object is bold and the direct object is underlined .
In spanish there are some specific ways for indirect speech structures here we illustrate two different sets of rules for indirect speech in the present, when referring to present actions, and for indirect speech in the past , when talking about events and thoughts in the past. Question forms and reported speech word order normal word order is used in reported questions, that is, the subject comes before the verb, and it is not necessary to use 'do' or 'did'. Indirect speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words in indirect speech, the structure of the reported clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command.